What is Aadhaar card ?
Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique identification number issued to Indian citizens by the Central government. It is issued and managed by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). Aadhaar card is essentially an identification document issued by the UIDAI after it records and verifies every resident Indian citizen’s details including biometric and demographic data. Aadhaar is not meant to replace existing identification documents like PAN, passport, driving license etc. However, it can be used as a single identification document. Banks, financial institutions and telecom companies can also use it as a Know-Your-Customer (KYC) verification mode and maintain profiles.
Where is it mandatory?
On March 27, the Supreme Court ordered that the government cannot be stopped from using Aadhaar identification for its non-welfare schemes like opening of bank accounts, filing of tax returns, verification of new and existing mobile phone numbers and user credentials etc. However, it did maintain that the government cannot make Aadhaar mandatory for welfare schemes and it has allowed the government to use it in some schemes, not permitted to be used as a mandatory requirement.
Here is a list of recent announcements by the government where Aadhaar was made mandatory (both welfare and non-welfare schemes feature in the list):
Beedi/Iron Ore/limestone workers need Aadhaar for availing house subsidy.
Aadhaar mandatory for supplementary nutrition program. Deadline to register to avail benefits is March 31.
Aadhaar compulsory for farmers wanting to take crop insurance benefit and people eligible for subsidised foodgrains/cash subsidy for the same. People need to register by March 31.
People wishing to avail benefits of welfare schemes under Integrated Department of Horticulture, National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme and Janani Suraksha Yojana need mandatory Aadhaar.
Aadhaar made mandatory to avail training under Integrated Child Development Services of the Ministry of Women and Child Development. Deadline to register is June 30.
Aadhaar mandatory for benefits under Grih Kalyan Kendra scheme and the deadline set for registration is June 30.
Aadhaar made mandatory for financial support under National Mission for Empowerment of Women. Same condition imposed for Scheme for Adolescent Women, students to avail Central scholarship and financial support given under National Means-cum-Merit Scholarship. Deadline for registration is March 31.
Aadhaar mandatory for e-panchayat training benefits and students who wish to avail central scholarships at the college level. Deadline to register is June 30.
Soil Health Management Scheme and Soil Health Card Scheme require Aadhaar. Deadline is March 31.
Supplementary meals at creches require Aadhaar. Deadline to register is March 31.
Maternity Benefit Programme and Integrated Child Protection Scheme make Aadhaar mandatory. Deadline to register is March 31.
Aadhaar made mandatory for women to avail vocational training, loans and other schemes.
Benefits for water and social services also come under the ambit of Aadhaar. Benefits under Research and Development in Water Sector and National Social Assistance Program announce Aadhaar as mandatory document. Deadline set is March 31 and April 1, respectively.
Mid Day meal benefits require Aadhaar. Cooks-cum-helpers earning out of the scheme must also register with Aadhaar. Deadline set is June 30. Deendayal Antyodya Yojana and National Rural Livelihoods Mission also make Aadhaar mandatory.
Aadhaar now mandatory for disabled children between 6-14 years and are eligible for benefits under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Deadline to register is June 30. Aadhaar also made mandatory to book tickets on Indian Railways’ online ticket booking platform at IRCTC
Disabled students taking benefits under National Action Plan for Skill Training of Persons with Disabilities must register by June 30. Aadhaar also made mandatory for availing benefits under National Health Mission by trained female community health activist ASHA or Accredited Social Health Activist.
Bhopal gas tragedy victims need Aadhar to avail compensation from government. Deadline set is June 30. National Awards Scheme for Technology Innovation in Petrochemicals and Downstream Plastics Processing Industry makes Aadhaar mandatory. Deadline for registration is March 31. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana for women below poverty line requires Aadhaar (deadline set May 31). It is also made mandatory for compensation and benefits to people under Bonded Labour Rehabilitation Scheme. Deadline set is June 30.
Aadhaar made mandatory to file Income Tax returns or applying for PAN. PAN will also need to be linked to Aadhaar. Any PAN card which is not linked to Aadhaar will become redundant after June 30.